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Constraining water depth influence on organic paleotemperature proxies using sedimentary archives
Varma, D.; Hättig, K.; van der Meer, M.T.J.; Reichart, G.-J.; Schouten, S. (2023). Constraining water depth influence on organic paleotemperature proxies using sedimentary archives. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 38(6).

Bijhorende data:
In: Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology. American Geophysical Union: Washington DC. ISSN 2572-4525; e-ISSN 2572-4525, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    TEX86; GDGT; OH-GDGT; BAYSPAR; GDGT [2]/[3]; UK'37

Auteurs  Top 
  • Varma, D.
  • Hättig, K.
  • van der Meer, M.T.J., meer
  • Reichart, G.-J., meer
  • Schouten, S., meer

    The TEX 86 paleothermometer has been extensively used to reconstruct past sea water temperatures, but it remains unclear which export depths the proxy represents. Here we used a novel approach to better constrain the proxy recording depths by investigating paleotemperature proxies (TEX86, X, RI−OH and RI−OH′) from two pairs of proximal (<12 km apart) cores from Chilean and Angola margins, respectively. These cores are from steep continental slopes and lower shelves, which leads to a substantial difference in water depth between them despite being closely located. Surprisingly, the deep and the shallow X records at the Chilean margin show dissimilarities, in contrast to the similar records from the Angola margin, which may be due to post-depositional alteration at the former sites. In contrast, the TEX 86 records were statistically indistinguishable between the sites at both the locations, even though the GDGT [2]/[3] ratio suggests GDGTs derived from potentially different archaeal communities residing at different depths. A short-lived difference between the TEX 86 records is observed during the last glacial period at the Angola margin, possibly due to a contribution of Antarctic Intermediate Waters to the deep site. Modelling suggests that the TEX 86 source signal at our core sites reaches its peak abundance at water depths shallower than 350 m. The RI−OH and RI−OH′ records show similar variability as the TEX 86 records, although regional differences in their absolute temperature estimates exist. Our approach using proximal sediment cores at steep slopes appears useful to constrain the export depth of organic proxy signals for paleo-reconstructions.

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