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Frigoriglobus tundricola gen. nov., sp. nov., a psychrotolerant cellulolytic planctomycete of the family Gemmataceae from a littoral tundra wetland
Kulichevskaya, I.S.; Ivanova, A.; Naumoff, D.G.; Beletsky, A.V.; Rijpstra, W.I.C.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Mardanov, A.V.; Ravin, N.V.; Dedysh, S.N. (2020). Frigoriglobus tundricola gen. nov., sp. nov., a psychrotolerant cellulolytic planctomycete of the family Gemmataceae from a littoral tundra wetland. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 43(5): 126129. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.syapm.2020.126129
In: Systematic and Applied Microbiology. Elsevier: Jena. ISSN 0723-2020; e-ISSN 1618-0984, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Planctomycetes; Frigoriglobus tundricola gen. nov., sp. nov.; Psychrotolerance; Cellulose utilization; Large genome; Unlinked rRNA operon

Auteurs  Top 
  • Kulichevskaya, I.S.
  • Ivanova, A.
  • Naumoff, D.G.
  • Beletsky, A.V.
  • Rijpstra, W.I.C., meer
  • Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., meer
  • Mardanov, A.V.
  • Ravin, N.V.
  • Dedysh, S.N.

Abstract

    Planctomycetes of the family Gemmataceae are characterized by large genome sizes and cosmopolitan distribution in freshwater and terrestrial environments but their ecological functions remain poorly understood. In this study, we characterized a novel representative of this family, strain PL17T, which was isolated from a littoral tundra wetland and was capable of growth on xylan and cellulose. Cells of this isolate were represented by pink-pigmented spheres that multiplied bybudding and occurred singly or in short chains and aggregates. Strain PL17 T was obligately aerobic, mildly acidophilic chemoorganotrophic bacterium, which displayed good tolerance of low temperatures. The majorfatty acids were C18:0, C16:1ω5, and βOH-C 16:1; the major polar lipid was trimethylornithine. The genome of strain PL17T consisted of a 9.83 Mb chromosome and a 24.69 kb plasmid. The G + C contents of the chromosomal and plasmid DNA were 67.4 and 62.3 mol%, respectively. Over 8900 potential protein-coding genes were identified in the genome including a putative cellulase that contains a domain from the GH5 family of glycoside hydrolases. The genome of strain PL17T contained one linked and one unlinked rRNA operons with16S rRNA gene sequences displaying 94.5% similarity to that in Gemmata obscuriglobus UQM2246T. Based on the results of comparative phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenomic analyses, we propose to classify strain PL17T (= CECT 9407T = VKMB-3467T) as representing a novel genus and species of the family Gemmataceae, Frigoriglobus tundricola gen. nov., sp. nov.


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