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Density-dependent and species-specific sffects on self-organization modulate the resistance of mussel bed ecosystems to hydrodynamic stress
Zardi, G.I.; Nicastro, K.R.; McQuaid, C.D.; de Jager, M.; van de Koppel, J.; Seuront, L. (2021). Density-dependent and species-specific sffects on self-organization modulate the resistance of mussel bed ecosystems to hydrodynamic stress. American Naturalist 197(5): 615-623. https://doi.org/10.1086/713738

Bijhorende info:
In: The American Naturalist. George W. Salt/University of Chicago: Salem, Mass.. ISSN 0003-0147; e-ISSN 1537-5323, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Author keywords
    spatial pattern; species interaction; disturbance; stress tolerance

Auteurs  Top 
  • Zardi, G.I.
  • Nicastro, K.R.
  • McQuaid, C.D.
  • de Jager, M.
  • van de Koppel, J., meer
  • Seuront, L.

Abstract

    Self-organized, regular spatial patterns emerging from local interactions among individuals enhance the ability of ecosystems to respond to environmental disturbances. Mussels self-organize to form large, regularly patterned biogenic structures that modify the biotic and abiotic environment and provide numerous ecosystem functions and services. We used two mussel species that form monospecific and mixed beds to investigate how species-specific behavior affects self-organization and resistance to wavestress. Perna perna has strong attachment but low motility, while Mytilus galloprovincialis shows the reverse. At low density, the less motile P. perna has limited spatial self-organization compared with M. galloprovincialis, while when coexisting, the two species formed random spatial patterns. At high density, the two species self-organized in similar ways, while when coexisting, patterns were less strong. Spatial pattern formations significantly shaped resistance to hydrodynamic stress. At low density, P. perna beds with strong attachment and M. galloprovincialis beds with strong spatial organization showed higher retention rates than mixed beds. At high density, the presence of strongly attached P. perna significantlyincreased retention in mixed and P. perna beds compared with M. galloprovincialis beds. Our study emphasizes the importance of the interplay of species-specific behaviors to spatial self-organization and stress tolerance in natural communities.


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