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Proton binding characteristics of dissolved organic matter extracted from the North Atlantic
Lodeiro, P.; Rey-Castro, C.; David, C.; Humphreys, M.P.; Gledhill, M. (2023). Proton binding characteristics of dissolved organic matter extracted from the North Atlantic. Environ. Sci. Technol. 57(50): 21136-21144.
In: Environmental Science and Technology. American Chemical Society: Easton. ISSN 0013-936X; e-ISSN 1520-5851, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Author keywords
    DOM; nonideal competitive adsorption (NICA); Donnan; proton binding; acid-base; log K¯ H; solid-phase extraction; seawater; heterogeneity

Auteurs  Top 
  • Lodeiro, P.
  • Rey-Castro, C.
  • David, C.
  • Humphreys, M.P., meer
  • Gledhill, M.

    Marine dissolved organic matter (DOM) presents key thermodynamic properties that are not yet fully constrained. Here, we report the distribution of binding sites occupied by protons (i.e., proton affinity spectra) and parametrize the median intrinsic proton binding affinities (log K̅ H) and heterogeneities (m), for DOM samples extracted from the North Atlantic. We estimate that 11.4 ± 0.6% of C atoms in the extracted marine DOM have a functional group with a binding site for ionic species. The log K̅ H of the most acidic groups was larger (4.01−4.02 ± 0.02) than that observed in DOM from coastal waters (3.82 ± 0.02), while the chemical binding heterogeneity parameter increased with depth to values (m1= 0.666 ± 0.009) ca. 10% higher than those observed in surface open ocean or coastal samples. On the contrary, the log K̅ H for the less acidic groups shows a difference between the surface (10.01 ± 0.08) and deep (9.22 ± 0.35) samples. The latter chemical groups were more heterogeneous for marine than for terrestrial DOM, and m2 decreased with depth to values of 0.28 ± 0.03. Binding heterogeneity reflects aromatic carbon compounds’ persistence and accumulation in diverse, low-abundance chemical forms, while easily degradable low-affinity groups accumulate more uniformly in the deep ocean.

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