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Arriving late and lean at a stopover site is selected against in a declining migratory bird population
Peng, H.-B.; Ma, Z.; Rakhimberdiev, E.; van Gils, J.A.; Battley, P.F.; Rogers, D.I.; Choi, C.-Y.; Wu, W.; Feng, X.; Ma, Q.; Hua, N.; Minton, C.; Hassell, C.J.; Piersma, T. (2023). Arriving late and lean at a stopover site is selected against in a declining migratory bird population. J. Anim. Ecol. 92(10): 2109-2118.
In: Journal of Animal Ecology. Blackwell Science/British Ecological Society: Oxford. ISSN 0021-8790; e-ISSN 1365-2656, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Author keywords
    apparent; survival rate; fuel load; habitat loss; migration; natural selection; shorebirds; time

Auteurs  Top 
  • Peng, H.-B., meer
  • Ma, Z.
  • Rakhimberdiev, E., meer
  • van Gils, J.A., meer
  • Battley, P.F.
  • Rogers, D.I.
  • Choi, C.-Y.
  • Wu, W.
  • Feng, X.
  • Ma, Q.
  • Hua, N.
  • Minton, C.
  • Hassell, C.J.
  • Piersma, T., meer

    Loss and/or deterioration of refuelling habitats have caused population declines in many migratory bird species but whether this results from unequal mortality among individuals varying in migration traits remains to be shown.Based on 13 years of body mass and size data of great knots (Calidris tenuirostris) at a stopover site of the Yellow Sea, combined with resightings of individuals marked at this stopover site along the East Asian-Australasian Flyway, we assessed year to year changes in annual apparent survival rates, and how apparent survival differed between migration phenotypes (i.e. migration timing and fuel stores). The measurements occurred over a period of habitat loss and/or deterioration in this flyway.We found that the annual apparent survival rates of great knots rapidly declined from 2006 to 2018, late-arriving individuals with small fuel stores exhibiting the lowest apparent survival rate. There was an advancement in mean arrival date and an increase in the mean fuel load of stopping birds over the study period.Our results suggest that late-arriving individuals with small fuel loads were selected against. Thus, habitat loss and/or deterioration at staging sites may cause changes in the composition of migratory phenotypes at the population-level.

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