|Distance doesn't matter: migration strategy in a seabird has no effect on survival or reproduction|Kentie, R.; Morgan Brown, J. ; Camphuysen, C.J.; Shamoun-Baranes, J. (2023). Distance doesn't matter: migration strategy in a seabird has no effect on survival or reproduction. Proc. - Royal Soc., Biol. Sci. 290(1997): 20222408. https://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2022.2408
In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. The Royal Society: London. ISSN 0962-8452; e-ISSN 1471-2954, meer
migration; carry-over effects; pre-breeding period; reproduction; egg volumes; seasonal surviva
|Auteurs|| || Top |
- Kentie, R., meer
- Morgan Brown, J.
- Camphuysen, C.J., meer
- Shamoun-Baranes, J.
Migrating animals show remarkable diversity in migration strategies, even between individuals from the same population. Migrating longer distances is usually expected to be costlier in terms of time, energy expenditure and risks with potential repercussions for subsequent stages within the annual cycle. Such costs are expected to be balanced by increased survival, for example due to higher quality wintering areas or lower energy expenditure at lower latitudes. We compared reproductive parameters and apparent survival of lesser black-backed gulls (Larus fuscus) breeding in The Netherlands, whose winter range extends from the UK to West Africa, resulting in one-way migration distances that differ by more than 4500 km. Individuals migrating furthest arrived later in the colony than shorter distance migrants, but still laid in synchrony with the colony and consequently had a shorter pre-laying period. This shorter pre-laying period affected neither egg volumes nor hatching success. We found no relationship between migration distance and apparent survival probability, corresponding with previous research showing that annual energy expenditure and distance travelled throughout the year is similar across migration strategies. Combined, our results indicate an equal fitness payoff across migration strategies, suggesting there is no strong selective pressure acting on migration strategy within this population.