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Seasonal water mass evolution and non‐redfield dynamics enhance CO2 uptake in the Chukchi Sea
Ouyang, Z.; Collins, A.; Li, Y.; Qi, D.; Arrigo, K.R.; Zhuang, Y.; Nishino, S.; Humphreys, M.P.; Kosugi, N.; Murata, A.; Kirchmann, D.L.; Chen, L.; Chen, J.; Cai, W.-J. (2022). Seasonal water mass evolution and non‐redfield dynamics enhance CO2 uptake in the Chukchi Sea. JGR: Oceans 127(8): e2021JC018326.

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In: Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans. AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION: Washington. ISSN 2169-9275; e-ISSN 2169-9291, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Auteurs  Top 
  • Ouyang, Z.
  • Collins, A.
  • Li, Y.
  • Qi, D.
  • Arrigo, K.R.
  • Zhuang, Y.
  • Nishino, S.
  • Humphreys, M.P., meer
  • Kosugi, N.
  • Murata, A.
  • Kirchmann, D.L.
  • Chen, L.
  • Chen, J.
  • Cai, W.-J.


    The Chukchi Sea is an increasing CO2 sink driven by rapidclimate changes. Understanding the seasonal variation of air-sea CO 2 exchange and the underlying mechanisms of biogeochemical dynamics is important for predicting impacts of climate change on and feedbacks by the ocean. Here, we present a unique data set of underway sea surface partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and discrete samples of biogeochemical properties collected in five consecutivecruises in 2014 and examine the seasonal variations in air-sea CO 2 flux and net community production (NCP). We found that thermaland non-thermal effects have different impacts on sea surface pCO 2 and thus the air-sea CO2 flux in different water masses. The Bering summer water combined with meltwater has a significantly greater atmospheric CO2 uptake potential than that of the Alaskan Coastal Water in the southern Chukchi Sea in summer, due to stronger biological CO2 removal and a weaker thermal effect. By analyzing the seasonal drawdown of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and nutrients, we found that DIC-based NCP was higher than nitrate-based NCP by 66%–84% and attributable to partially decoupled C and N uptake because of a variable phytoplankton stoichiometry. A box model with a non-Redfield C:N uptake ratio can adequately reproduce observed pCO2 and DIC, which reveals that, during the intensive growing season (late spring to early summer), 30%–46% CO2 uptake in the Chukchi Sea was supported by a flexible stoichiometry of phytoplankton. These findings have important ramification for forecasting the responses of CO2 uptake of the Chukchi ecosystem to climate change.

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