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|Effect of water management on microbial diversity and composition in an Italian rice field system|Hester, E.R.; Vaksmaa, A.; Valè, G.; Monaco, S.; Jetten, M.S.M.; Lüke, C. (2022). Effect of water management on microbial diversity and composition in an Italian rice field system. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 98(3): fiac018. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiac018
In: FEMS Microbiology Ecology. Federation of European Microbiological Societies: Amsterdam. ISSN 0168-6496; e-ISSN 1574-6941, meer
archaea; bacteria; bulk soil; differential abundance; diversity; methane; paddy; roots
|Auteurs|| || Top |
- Hester, E.R.
- Vaksmaa, A., meer
- Valè, G.
- Monaco, S.
- Jetten, M.S.M.
- Lüke, C.
Traditional rice cultivation consumes up to 2500 L of water per kg yield and new strategies such as the ‘Alternate Wetting and Drying’ (AWD) might be promising water-saving alternatives. However, they might have large impacts on the soil microbiology. In this study, we compared the bacterial and archaeal communities in experimental field plots, cultivated under continuously flooding (CF) and AWD management, by high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. We analysed alpha and beta diversity in bulk soil and on plant roots, in plots cultivated with two different rice cultivars. The strongest difference was found between soil and rootcommunities. Beside others, the anaerobic methanotroph Methanoperedens was abundant in soil, however, we detected a considerable number of ANME-2a-2b on plant roots. Furthermore, root communities were significantly affected by the water management: Differential abundance analysis revealed the enrichment of aerobic andpotentially plant-growth-promoting bacteria under AWD treatment, such asSphingomonadaceae and Rhizobiaceae (both Alphaproteobacteria), and Bacteroidetes families.Microorganisms with an overall anaerobic lifestyle, such as various Delta- and Epsilonproteobacteria, and Firmicutes were depleted. Our study indicates that the bulk soil communities seem overall well adapted and more resistant to changes in the water treatment, whereas the root microbiota seems more vulnerable.