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A refinement of the processes controlling dissolved copper and nickel biogeochemistry: Insights from the pan‐Arctic
Jensen, L.T.; Cullen, J.T.; Jackson, S.L.; Gerringa, L.J.A.; Bauch, D.; Middag, R.; Sherrell, R.M.; Fitzsimmons, J.N. (2022). A refinement of the processes controlling dissolved copper and nickel biogeochemistry: Insights from the pan‐Arctic. JGR: Oceans 127(5): e2021JC01808.

Bijhorende data:
In: Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans. AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION: Washington. ISSN 2169-9275; e-ISSN 2169-9291, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Jensen, L.T.
  • Cullen, J.T.
  • Jackson, S.L.
  • Gerringa, L.J.A., meer
  • Bauch, D.
  • Middag, R., meer
  • Sherrell, R.M.
  • Fitzsimmons, J.N.

    Recent studies, including many from the GEOTRACES program, have expanded our knowledge of trace metals in the Arctic Ocean, an isolated ocean dominated by continental shelf and riverine inputs. Here, we report a unique, pan-Arctic linear relationship between dissolved copper (Cu) and nickel (Ni) present north of 60°N that is absent in other oceans. The correlation is driven primarily by high Cu and Ni concentrations in the low salinity, river-influenced surface Arctic and low, homogeneous concentrations in Arctic deep waters, opposing their typical global distributions. Rivers are a major source of both metals, which is most evident within the central Arctic's Transpolar Drift. Local decoupling of the linear Cu-Ni relationship along the Chukchi Shelf and within the Canada Basin upper halocline reveals that Ni is additionally modified by biological cycling and shelf sediment processes, while Cu is mostly sourced from riverine inputs and influenced by mixing. This observation highlights differences in their chemistries: Cu is more prone to complexation with organic ligands, stabilizing its riverine source fluxes into the Arctic, while Ni is more labile and is dominated by biological processes. Within the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, an important source of Arctic water to the Atlantic Ocean, contributions of Cu and Ni from meteoric waters and the halocline are attenuated during transit to the Atlantic. Additionally, Cu and Ni in deep waters diminish with age due to isolation from surface sources, with higher concentrations in the younger Eastern Arctic basins and lower concentrations in the older Western Arctic basins.

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