|Thermal tolerance and acclimation capacity in the European common frog (Rana temporaria) change throughout ontogeny|Ruthsatz, K.; Dausmann, K.H.; Peck, M.A.; Glos, J. (2022). Thermal tolerance and acclimation capacity in the European common frog (Rana temporaria) change throughout ontogeny. Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A: Ecological and Integrative Physiology 337(5): 477-490. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jez.2582
In: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A: Ecological and Integrative Physiology. Wiley: Hoboken, N.J. ISSN 2471-5646, meer
acclimation response ratio; climate change; metamorphosis; phenotypic plasticity; thermal bottleneck; thermal limits
|Auteurs|| || Top |
- Ruthsatz, K.
- Dausmann, K.H.
- Peck, M.A., meer
- Glos, J.
Phenotypic plasticity may allow ectotherms with complex life histories such as amphibians to cope with climate-driven changes in their environment. Plasticity in thermal tolerance (i.e., shifts of thermal limits via acclimation to higher temperatures) has been proposed as a mechanism to cope with warming and extreme thermal events. However, thermal tolerance and, hence, acclimation capacity, is known to vary with life stage. Using the common frog (Rana temporaria) as a model species, we measured the capacity to adjust lower (CTmin) and upper (CTmax ) critical thermal limits at different acclimation temperatures. We calculated the acclimation response ratio as a metric to assess the stage-specific acclimation capacity at each of seven consecutive ontogenetic stages and tested whether acclimation capacity was influenced by body mass and/or age. We further examined how acclimation temperature,body mass, age, and ontogenetic stage influenced CTmin and CT max. In the temperate population of R. temporaria that we studied, thermal tolerance and acclimation capacity were affected by the ontogenetic stage. However, acclimation capacity at both thermal limits was well below 100% at all life stages tested. The lowest and highest acclimation capacity in thermal limits was observed in young and late larvae, respectively. The relatively low acclimation capacity of young larvae highlights a clear risk of amphibian populations to ongoing climate change. Ignoring stage-specific differences in thermal physiology may drastically underestimate the climate vulnerability of species, which will hamper successful conservation actions.