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Tracking deep-sea internal wave propagation with a differential pressure gauge array
Yang, C.-F.; Chi, W.-C.; van Haren, H.; Lin, C.-R.; Kuo, B.Y. (2021). Tracking deep-sea internal wave propagation with a differential pressure gauge array. NPG Scientific Reports 11(1): 23311.
In: Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group). Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2045-2322; e-ISSN 2045-2322, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Yang, C.-F.
  • Chi, W.-C.
  • van Haren, H., meer
  • Lin, C.-R.
  • Kuo, B.Y.

    Temperature is used to trace ocean density variations, and reveals internal waves and turbulent motions in the deep ocean, called ‘internal motions.’ Ambient temperature detected by geophysical differential pressure gauges (DPGs) may provide year-long, complementary observations. Here, we use data from four DPGs fixed on the ocean bottom and a high-resolution temperature sensor (T-sensor) 13 m above the seafloor as a square-kilometer array deployed offshore ~ 50 km east of Taiwan facing the open Pacific Ocean to examine the impact of temperature on DPG signals related to internal motions. The DPG signals correlate with T-sensor temperature variations between 0.002 and 0.1 mHz, but have time shifts partially caused by slow thermal conduction from the ambient seafloor to the DPG chamber and partially by internal motion propagation time across the array. Applying beamforming-frequency-wavenumber analysis and linear regression to the arrayed T-sensor and DPG data, we estimate the propagating slowness of the internal motions to be between 0.5 and 7.4 s m−1 from the northwest and northeast quadrants of the array. The thermal relaxation time of the DPGs is within 103–104 s. This work shows that a systematic scan of DPG data at frequencies < 0.1 mHz may help shed light on patterns of internal wave propagation in the deep ocean, especially in multi-scale arrays.

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