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Spatial variability of organic matter and phosphorus cycling in Rhône River prodelta sediments (NW Mediterranean Sea, France): a model-data approach
Ait Ballagh, F.E.; Rabouille, C.; Andrieux-Loyer, F.; Soetaert, K.; Lansard, B.; Bombled, B.; Monvoisin, G.; Elkalay, K.; Khalil, K. (2021). Spatial variability of organic matter and phosphorus cycling in Rhône River prodelta sediments (NW Mediterranean Sea, France): a model-data approach. Est. Coast. 44: 1765-1789. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s12237-020-00889-9

Bijhorende info:
In: Estuaries and Coasts. Estuarine Research Federation: Port Republic, Md.. ISSN 1559-2723; e-ISSN 1559-2731, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Trefwoord
    Marien
Author keywords
    Mediterranean Sea; Modelling; Organic matter; Phosphorus; Rhône River prodelta; Sediment

Auteurs  Top 
  • Ait Ballagh, F.E.
  • Rabouille, C.
  • Andrieux-Loyer, F.
  • Soetaert, K., meer
  • Lansard, B.
  • Bombled, B.
  • Monvoisin, G.
  • Elkalay, K.
  • Khalil, K.

Abstract
    The Mediterranean Sea (MS) is a large oligotrophic sea whose productivity is sensitive to riverine nutrient inputs. More specifically, phosphorus (P) river supply is crucial for the MS, with an important role of the estuarine/deltaic filter especially for the storage and recycling in sediments. A benthic dataset from the Rhône River prodelta was used to derive P budgets, by means of an early diagenetic model including the benthic P cycle. The model was fitted to pore water profiles of oxygen, nitrate, sulfate, dissolved inorganic carbon, ammonium, oxygen demand units, dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP) and solid data (organic carbon (OC), Fe-bound P, Ca-bound P and organic P). Results indicated that the intensity of biogeochemical processes occurring below the sediment–water interface decreased from the river mouth to the adjacent continental shelf with decreasing integrated rates of OC mineralization (160–10 mmol m−2 day−1). The organic P mineralization was intense near the river mouth and decreased offshore (1196–80 μmol m−2 day−1). Its contribution to DIP release was large (> 90%). Fe-bound P had a key role in transferring P to deeper layers. These deltaic sediments played an important role as a source of regenerated DIP. A significant part of DIP was recycled to the overlying waters (72–94%), representing 25% of the riverine DIP discharge. Simultaneously, 6–28% of DIP produced in sediments was buried as Ca-bound P. Overall, this study highlighted the importance of deltaic sediments as an additional source of DIP to the coastal sea, and a minor but permanent sink of phosphorus as solid P burial.

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