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Effects of first intermediate host density, host size and salinity on trematode infections in mussels of the south-western Baltic Sea
Bommarito, C.; Thieltges, D.W.; Pansch, C.; Barboza, F.; Pranovi, F.; Wahl, M. (2020). Effects of first intermediate host density, host size and salinity on trematode infections in mussels of the south-western Baltic Sea. Parasitology First view. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0031182020002188
In: Parasitology. Cambridge University Press: London. ISSN 0031-1820; e-ISSN 1469-8161, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Trefwoord
    Brak water
Author keywords
    Abundance; density; Mytilus; prevalence; salinity; size; trematode

Auteurs  Top 
  • Bommarito, C.
  • Thieltges, D.W., meer
  • Pansch, C.
  • Barboza, F.
  • Pranovi, F.
  • Wahl, M.

Abstract

    Trematode prevalence and abundance in hosts are known to be affected by biotic drivers as well as by abiotic drivers. In this study, we used the unique salinity gradient found in the south-western Baltic Sea to: (i) investigate patterns of trematode infections in the first intermediate host, the periwinkle Littorina littorea and in the downstream host, the mussel Mytilus edulis, along a regional salinity gradient (from 13 to 22) and (ii) evaluate the effects of first intermediate host (periwinkle) density, host size and salinity on trematodeinfections in mussels. Two species dominated the trematode community, Renicola roscovita and Himasthla elongata. Salinity, mussel size and density of infected periwinkles were significantly correlated with R. roscovita, and salinity and density correlated with H. elongata abundance. These results suggest that salinity, first intermediate host density and host size play an important role in determining infection levels in mussels, with salinity being the main major driver. Under expected global change scenarios, the predicted freshening of the Baltic Sea might lead to reduced trematode transmission, which may be further enhanced by a potential decrease in periwinkle density and mussel size.


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