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|Lacipirellula parvula gen. nov., sp. nov., representing a lineage of planctomycetes widespread in low-oxygen habitats, description of the family Lacipirellulaceae fam. nov. and proposal of the orders Pirellulales ord. nov., Gemmatales ord. nov. and Isosphaerales ord. nov.|Dedysh, S.N.; Kulichevskaya, I.S.; Beletsky, A.V.; Ivanova, A.A.; Rijpstra, W.I.C.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Mardanov, A.V.; Ravin, N.V. (2020). Lacipirellula parvula gen. nov., sp. nov., representing a lineage of planctomycetes widespread in low-oxygen habitats, description of the family Lacipirellulaceae fam. nov. and proposal of the orders Pirellulales ord. nov., Gemmatales ord. nov. and Isosphaerales ord. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 43(1): 126050. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.syapm.2019.126050
In: Systematic and Applied Microbiology. Elsevier: Jena. ISSN 0723-2020; e-ISSN 1618-0984, meer
Planctomycetes; Anoxic habitats; Pir4 clade; Lacipirellula parvula; Lacipirellulaceae Pirellulales
|Auteurs|| || Top |
- Dedysh, S.N.
- Kulichevskaya, I.S.
- Beletsky, A.V.
- Ivanova, A.A.
- Rijpstra, W.I.C., meer
- Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., meer
- Mardanov, A.V.
- Ravin, N.V.
Pirellula-like planctomycetes are ubiquitous aquatic bacteria, which are often detected in anoxic or micro-oxic habitats. By contrast, the taxonomically described representatives of these bacteria, with very few exceptions, are strict aerobes. Here, we report the isolation and characterization of the facultatively anaerobic planctomycete, strain PX69T, which was isolated from a boreal lake. Its 16S rRNA gene sequence is affiliated with the Pirellula-related Pir4 clade, which is dominated by environmental sequences retrieved from a variety of low-oxygen habitats. Strain PX69T was represented by ellipsoidal cells that multiplied by budding and grew on sugars, some polysaccharides and glycerol. Anaerobic growth occurred by means of fermentation. Strain PX69T grew at pH 5.5–7.5 and at temperatures between 10 and 30 °C. The major fatty acids were C18:1ω9c, C16:0 and C16:1ω7c; the major intact polar lipid was dimethylphosphatidylethanolamine. The complete genome of strain PX69T was 6.92 Mb in size; DNA G + C content was 61.7 mol%. Among characterized planctomycetes, the highest 16S rRNA gene similarity (90.4%) was observed with ‘Bythopirellula goksoyri’ Pr1d, a planctomycete from deep-sea sediments. We propose to classify PX69T as a novel genus and species, Lacipirellula parvula gen. nov., sp. nov.; the type strain is strain PX69T (=KCTC 72398T = CECT 9826T = VKM B-3335T). This genus is placed in a novel family, Lacipirellulaceae fam. nov., which belongs to the order Pirellulales ord. nov. Based on the results of comparative genome analysis, we also suggest establishment of the orders Gemmatales ord. nov. and Isosphaerales ord. nov. as well as an emendation of the order Planctomycetales.