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The subsurface circulation of the Iceland Sea observed with RAFOS floats
de Jong, M.F.; Søiland, H.; Bower, A.S.; Furey, H. (2018). The subsurface circulation of the Iceland Sea observed with RAFOS floats. Deep-Sea Res., Part 1, Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 141: 1-10.
In: Deep-Sea Research, Part I. Oceanographic Research Papers. Elsevier: Oxford. ISSN 0967-0637; e-ISSN 1879-0119, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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  • de Jong, M.F., meer
  • Søiland, H.
  • Bower, A.S.
  • Furey, H.

    The pathways of dense waters located above the sill depth of Denmark Strait were investigated in the Iceland Sea using 52 acoustically tracked RAFOS floats. These floats were deployed in summer 2013 and 2014, with a target depth of 500 m, resulting in a total of 40.9 float-years of track data covering the Iceland Sea basin. In the interior Iceland Sea basin, the float tracks showed a double gyre circulation, out of which floats eventually escaped towards the Norwegian Sea in the East Icelandic Current, with some appearing to be en route to the Faroe Bank Channel. Four floats exited through Denmark Strait and surfaced in the Labrador and Irminger Seas. Four other floats deployed west of the Kolbeinsey Ridge at 70°N show the connection between the East Greenland Current and the East Icelandic Current. Floats deployed east of the Kolbeinsey Ridge along the Icelandic slope were captured in a region with no clear main flow. Eddy motions, mainly small scale (radii of 0.5–3 km), are seen throughout the Iceland Sea. Several floats were grounded on the Icelandic slope both east and west of the Kolbeinsey Ridge due to upslope currents, which created a rim of cold water along the slope. While this water was indicative of the presence of the North Icelandic Jet, no connection between the eastern Iceland Sea and Denmark Strait sill was found. Our investigation of wind stress curl fields from atmospheric reanalysis data suggests that high wind stress curl conditions may have been unfavorable for a westward connection by the North Icelandic Jet at the time of the float observations.

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