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Anthropogenic signatures of lead in the Northeast Atlantic
Rusiecka, D.; Gledhill, M.; Milne, A.; Achterberg, E.P.; Annett, A.L.; Atkinson, S.; Birchill, A.; Karstensen, J.; Lohan, M.; Mariez, C.; Middag, R.; Rolison, J.M.; Tanhua, T.; Ussher, S.; Connelly, D. (2018). Anthropogenic signatures of lead in the Northeast Atlantic. Geophys. Res. Lett. 45(6): 2734-2743. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL076825
In: Geophysical Research Letters. American Geophysical Union: Washington. ISSN 0094-8276, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Author keywords
    lead; Celtic Sea; MOW; sediments; particles; trace metals

Auteurs  Top 
  • Rusiecka, D.
  • Gledhill, M.
  • Milne, A.
  • Achterberg, E.P.
  • Annett, A.L.
  • Atkinson, S.
  • Birchill, A.
  • Karstensen, J.
  • Lohan, M.
  • Mariez, C.
  • Middag, R., meer
  • Rolison, J.M.
  • Tanhua, T.
  • Ussher, S.
  • Connelly, D.

Abstract
    Anthropogenic activities have resulted in enhanced lead (Pb) emissions to the environment over the past century, mainly through the combustion of leaded gasoline. Here we present the first combined dissolved (DPb), labile (LpPb), and particulate (PPb) Pb data set from the Northeast Atlantic (Celtic Sea) since the phasing out of leaded gasoline in Europe. Concentrations of DPb in surface waters have decreased by fourfold over the last four decades. We demonstrate that anthropogenic Pb is transported from the Mediterranean Sea over long distances (>2,500 km). Benthic DPb fluxes exceeded the atmospheric Pb flux in the region, indicating the importance of sediments as a contemporary Pb source. A strong positive correlation between DPb, PPb, and LpPb indicates a dynamic equilibrium between the phases and the potential for particles to “buffer” the DPb pool. This study provides insights into Pb biogeochemical cycling and demonstrates the potential of Pb in constraining ocean circulation patterns.

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