|Tundrisphaera lichenicola gen. nov., sp. nov., a psychrotolerant representative of the family Isosphaeraceae from lichen-dominated tundra soils|Kulichevskaya, I.S.; Ivanova, A.A.; Detkova, E.N.; Rijpstra, W.I.C.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Dedysh, S.N. (2017). Tundrisphaera lichenicola gen. nov., sp. nov., a psychrotolerant representative of the family Isosphaeraceae from lichen-dominated tundra soils. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 67(9): 3583-3589. https://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.002172
In: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. Society for General Microbiology: Reading. ISSN 1466-5026, meer
Tundrisphaera lichenicola gen. nov., sp. nov.; family Isosphaeraceae; lichen-dominated tundra soils; the phylum Planctomycetes
|Auteurs|| || Top |
- Kulichevskaya, I.S.
- Ivanova, A.A.
- Detkova, E.N.
- Rijpstra, W.I.C., meer
- Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., meer
- Dedysh, S.N.
Two strains of aerobic, budding, pink-pigmented bacteria, P12T and P515, were isolated from a lichen-dominated peatland and a forested tundra soil of north-western Siberia, respectively. Cells of these isolates were represented by non-motile spheres that occurred singly or were arranged in short chains and aggregates. While growing on solid media, cells of strains P12T and P515 attached to the surface by means of holdfast-like appendages. These isolates were mildly acidophilic (optimum growth at pH 5.5–6.0), psychrotolerant bacteria, which displayed tolerance of low temperatures (4–15 °C), grew optimally at 15–22 °C and did not grow at temperatures above 28 °C. The preferred growth substrates were sugars and some heteropolysaccharides. The major fatty acids were C18 : 1ω9c, C16 : 0 and C14 : 0. Trimethylornithine lipid was the major polar lipid. The only quinone was MK-6, and the G+C content of the DNA was 61.2–62.2 mol%. Strains P12T and P515 possessed identical 16S rRNA gene sequences, which affiliated them with the family Isosphaeraceae , order Planctomycetales , and these displayed the highest similarity (93–94 %) to 16S rRNA gene sequences from members of the genus Singulisphaera . However, the signature fatty acid of species of the genus Singulisphaera , i.e. C18 : 2 ω6c,12c, was absent in cells of strains P12T and P515. They also differed from members of the genus Singulisphaera by substrate utilization pattern and a number of physiological characteristics. Based on these data, the novel isolates should be considered as representing a novel genus and species of planctomycetes, for which the name Tundrisphaera lichenicola gen. nov., sp. nov, is proposed. The type strain is P12T (=LMG 29571T=VKM B-3044T).