|Spatial distribution patterns of the peppery furrow shell Scrobicularia plana (da Costa, 1778) along the European coast: A review|Santos, S.; Luttikhuizen, P.C.; Campos, J.; Heip, C.H.R.; van der Veer, H.W. (2011). Spatial distribution patterns of the peppery furrow shell Scrobicularia plana (da Costa, 1778) along the European coast: A review. J. Sea Res. 66(3): 238-247. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seares.2011.07.001
In: Journal of Sea Research. Elsevier/Netherlands Institute for Sea Research: Amsterdam; Den Burg. ISSN 1385-1101; e-ISSN 1873-1414, meer
Scrobicularia plana (da Costa, 1778) [WoRMS]
Scrobicularia plana; Spatial pattern; Patchiness; Life cycle
|Auteurs|| || Top |
- Santos, S., meer
- Luttikhuizen, P.C., meer
- Campos, J.
- Heip, C.H.R., meer
- van der Veer, H.W., meer
The bivalve Scrobicularia piano is an important species of shallow water benthic communities with a wide geographic distribution but also with a general patchy pattern, i.e. irregular in occurrence and in density. This review aims to determine the processes responsible for the species' spatial distribution pattern based on the available information on S. piano. Although several pre- and post-settlement processes are believed to influence spatial patterns of marine invertebrates, the general patchy distribution of S. piano seems to be determined by the existence of specific environmental conditions during settlement. Factors such as temperature, salinity, sediment type, hydrographic conditions and predation affect settlement and spat survival and not one but a combination of factors seems to explain the species distribution pattern. Future work should focus on determining the scale of patchiness, using hierarchical sampling, as well as the connectivity between populations by analysing the population genetic structure.