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Observed and predicted vertical suspended sediment concentration profiles and bedforms in oscillatory-only flow
Williams, J.J.; Bell, P.S.; Thorne, P.D.; Trouw, K.; Hardcastle, P.J.; Humphrey, J.D. (2000). Observed and predicted vertical suspended sediment concentration profiles and bedforms in oscillatory-only flow. J. Coast. Res. 16(3): 698-708
In: Journal of Coastal Research. Coastal Education and Research Foundation: Fort Lauderdale. ISSN 0749-0208; e-ISSN 1551-5036, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Trefwoorden
    Flow
    Flow
    Layers > Boundary layers > Benthic boundary layer
    Model studies
    Movement > Flow
    Oscillatory flow
    Particulates > Suspended particulate matter > Sediments > Resuspended sediments
    Physics > Mechanics > Dynamics > Sediment dynamics
    Profiles > Vertical profiles
    Sediments > Clastics > Sand
    Waves
    Waves
    Marien
Author keywords
    deltaflume; pump-sampling; hydraulic roughness; diffusion; vortex; diffusivity; wave mixing; acoustic bed imaging

Auteurs  Top 
  • Williams, J.J.
  • Bell, P.S.
  • Thorne, P.D.
  • Trouw, K.
  • Hardcastle, P.J.
  • Humphrey, J.D.

Abstract
    Measurements of hydrodynamic conditions and vertical suspended sediment concentration profiles, C-profiles, have been obtained above rippled sandy beds in a large wave flume. Measured values of wave height and period, water depth and sediment properties are used in well-known formulae to predict sediment dynamics and bed shear stresses due to waves. These data are then used in an existing convective model and a new model to predict C-profiles. Measured C-profiles and C-profiles predicted by the new model are shown to agree well for a range of grain sizes and wave conditions. Grain-scale bed roughness, defined using data from the model, is found to vary with the wave mobility number. Values for the wave mixing coefficient derived using the new model are tested and are found to agree well with published values and with theory.

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