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Coastal and nearshore morphology, bedforms and sediment transport pathways at Teignmouth (UK)
Van Lancker, V.; Lanckneus, J.; Hearn, S.; Hoekstra, P.; Levoy, F.; Miles, J.; Moerkerke, G.; Monfort, O.; Whitehouse, R. (2004). Coastal and nearshore morphology, bedforms and sediment transport pathways at Teignmouth (UK). Cont. Shelf Res. 24(11): 1171-1202.
In: Continental Shelf Research. Pergamon Press: Oxford; New York. ISSN 0278-4343; e-ISSN 1873-6955, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Teignmouth estuary; Nearshore and beach sediment and morphodynamics; Sand ripple profiler; RoxAnn; Digital side-scan sonar; Sediment trend analysis; COAST3D

Auteurs  Top 
  • Van Lancker, V.
  • Lanckneus, J.
  • Hearn, S.
  • Hoekstra, P.
  • Levoy, F.
  • Miles, J.
  • Moerkerke, G.
  • Monfort, O.
  • Whitehouse, R.

    The beach and nearshore area of Teignmouth (UK) has been the object of a multidisciplinary research project, COAST3D, carried out by 11 European institutions. This paper emphasises the sedimentological and morphological investigations of the intertidal and nearshore area using a variety of techniques. From the results presented, it is clear that the Teignmouth site is very dynamic. Sediment mobility is high during fair-weather conditions owing to the strong jet-like current flows associated with the presence of the narrow estuary mouth. The beach at Teignmouth can be categorised as composite with a dissipative low-tide terrace and a reflective upper beach. From surficial sediment sampling, selective transport processes were identified, imposed by the high current velocities at the estuary mouth. This process also leads to the formation of characteristic depositional lobes with poorly sorted sediment. From digital side-scan sonar mosaicing, cross-shore and longshore-oriented bedforms could be observed, with their characteristics being dependent on the pre-survey hydro-meteo conditions. Although the nearshore system is dominated by the jet-outflow, littoral drift processes can also be important. They proved to be important for beach morphological changes leading to a rythmic alongshore beach behaviour which was attributed to a reversal of the littoral drift imposed by a period of larger waves. Moreover, the influence of waves and associated longshore currents cannot be neglected as they form the link between different sedimentary environments. From combined side-scan sonar imagery and sediment trend analysis, residual sediment transport directions were identified. These showed that fair-weather and storm-dominated processes are needed to explain the textural and morphological differentiation at this site. Further analysis will be required to identify the different time-scales involved in producing these changes.

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