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Cyclostratigraphic calibration of the Famennian stage (Late Devonian, Illinois Basin, USA)
Pas, D.; Hinnov, L.; Day, J.E.; Kodama, K.; Liu, W. (2018). Cyclostratigraphic calibration of the Famennian stage (Late Devonian, Illinois Basin, USA). Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 488: 102-114.
In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 0012-821X; e-ISSN 1385-013X, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Devonian; cyclostratigraphy; Illinois Basin; magnetic susceptibility;deep-shelf record

Auteurs  Top 
  • Pas, D.
  • Hinnov, L.
  • Day, J.E.
  • Kodama, K.
  • Liu, W.

    The Late Devonian biosphere was affected by two of the most severe biodiversity crises in Earth's history, the Kellwasser and Hangenberg events near the Frasnian-Famennian (F-F) and the Devonian-Carboniferous (D-C) boundaries, respectively. Current hypotheses for the causes of the Late Devonian extinctions are focused on climate changes and associated ocean anoxia. Testing these hypotheses has been impeded by a lack of sufficient temporal resolution in paleobiological, tectonic and climate proxy records. While there have been recent advances in astronomical calibration that have improved the accuracy of the Frasnian time scale and part of the Famennian, the time duration of the entire Famennian Stage remains poorly constrained. During the Late Devonian, a complete Late Frasnian-Early Carboniferous succession of deep-shelf deposits accumulated in the epieric sea in Illinois Basin of the central North-American mid-continent. A record of this sequence is captured in three overlapping cores (H-30, Sullivan and H-32). The H-30 core section spans the F-F boundary; the Sullivan section spans almost all of the Famennian and the H-32 section sampled spans the interval of the Upper Famennian and the D-C boundary. To have the best chance of capturing Milankovitch cycles, 2000 rock samples were collected at minimum 5-cm-interval across the entire sequence. Magnetic susceptibility (MS) was measured on each sample and the preservation of climatic information into the MS signal was verified through geochemical analyses and low-temperature magnetic susceptibility acquisition. To estimate the duration of the Famennian Stage, we applied multiple spectral techniques and tuned the MS signal using the highly stable 405 kyr cycle for Sullivan and the obliquity cycle for the H-30 and H-32 cores. Based on the correlation between the cores we constructed a Famennian floating astronomical time scale, which indicates a duration of 13.5 +/- 0.5 myr. An uncertainty of 0.5 myr was estimated for the uncertainties arising from the errors in the stratigraphic position of the F-F and D-C boundaries, and the 405 kyr cycle counting. Interpolated from the high-resolution U-Pb radiometric ages available for the Devonian-Carboniferous boundary we recalibrated the Frasnian-Famennian boundary numerical age to 372.4 +/- 0.9 Ma.

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