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Stabilizing effects of seagrass meadows on coastal water benthic food webs
Jankowska, E.; Michel, L.N.; Lepoint, G.; Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, M. (2019). Stabilizing effects of seagrass meadows on coastal water benthic food webs. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 510: 54-63. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.jembe.2018.10.004
In: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. Elsevier: New York. ISSN 0022-0981; e-ISSN 1879-1697, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Trefwoorden
    Zostera Linnaeus, 1753 [WoRMS]
    Marien
Author keywords
    Zostera; Seasonal variations; Benthic fauna; Ecosystem resilience;Stable isotopes; Mixing models; Isotopic niche

Auteurs  Top 
  • Jankowska, E.
  • Michel, L.N.
  • Lepoint, G.
  • Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, M.

Abstract
    Seagrass meadows ecosystem engineering effects are correlated to their density (which is in turn linked to seasonal cycles) and often cannot be perceived below a given threshold level of engineer density. The density and biomass of seagrass meadows (Z. marina) together with associated macrophytes undergo substantial seasonal changes, with clear declines in winter. The present study aims to test whether the seasonal changes in the density of recovering seagrass meadows affect the benthic food webs of the southern Baltic Sea (Puck Bay). It includes meiofauna, macrofauna and fish of vegetated and unvegetated habitats in summer and winter seasons. Two levels of organization have been tested – species-specific diet preferences using stable isotopes (δ13C, δ15N) in Bayesian mixing models (MixSIAR) and the community-scale food web characteristics by means of isotopic niches (SIBER). Between-habitat differences were observed for grazers, as a greater food source diversity in species from vegetated habitats was noted in both seasons. Larger between-habitat differences in winter were documented for suspension/detritus feeders. The community-wide approach showed that the differences between the habitats were greater in winter than in summer (as indicated by the lower overlap of the respective isotope niches). Overall, the presence of seagrass meadows increased ecological stability (in terms of the range of food sources utilized by consumers) in the faunal assemblage, while invertebrates from unvegetated areas shifted their diet to cope with winter conditions. Therefore, as a more complex system, not sensitive to seasonal changes, Z. marina meadows create a stable habitat with high resilience potential.

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