|Notes on the mathematical modelling of alluvial mountain rivers|
Sieben, A. (1994). Notes on the mathematical modelling of alluvial mountain rivers. Communications on Hydraulic and Geotechnical Engineering, 94-3. TU Delft: Delft. 134 pp.
Deel van: Communications on Hydraulic and Geotechnical Engineering. Delft University of Technology. Department of Civil Engineering: Delft. ISSN 0169-6548
The ability of describing and predicting hydraulic and morphological phenomena in mountain rivers is limited, partially due to the limits of deterministic approaches where stochastic effects in sediment supply and water inflow are extremely significant, and partially due to the very specific conditions that can be observed in mountain rivers, that complicate the modelling. The dynamics of morphology and hydraulics of mountain rivers must be known when applying numerical modelling procedures to mountain rivers. Simplifying a complex, nonuniform geometry significantly affects the behaviour of the model at high values of the Froude number. The number and type of boundary conditions to be prescribed at a boundary can change with flow regime. Hydraulic and morphological changes in supercritical flows are coupled and transversal effects are significant. The mathematical models discussed are a single-layer model and a double layer model conform Ribberink (1987). With the help of the characteristics, the models are analysed and compared. Analysing the characteristic surface yields indispensible insight in the twodimensional behaviour of the mathematical models. To prevent the mathematical model from being elliptical, the thickness of the mixing layer has a maximum. This value is investigated, approximated and evaluated. It appears that the behaviour of the model can be significantly affected by the model parameters (hydraulic as well as morphological). Regarding the selection between onedimensional and two-dimensional modelling, it can be concluded that transverse effects have a significant influcence on the behaviour of the model for Froude near unity. Conclusions in this report stress the need for research on the modelling of complex geometry for flow with higher values of Froude and the prediction of the model parameters used (such as mixing-layer thickness and sediment fluxes) at varying flow conditions.