As this legal instrument does not make any explicit reference to the Arctic, the question could be raised whether its field of application extends to these northern waters? The legal implications are far-reaching, for if the convention applies it entails that part of the Arctic Ocean floor and its subsoil is governed by the common heritage of mankind principle. If not, it could be argued that the continental shelf in the area is simply to be divided between the five littoral states. The last idea has been promoted since a decade now by a strand of legal scholars in the Russian Federation. The present article intends to assess the weight carried by this particular school of thought.
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