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Global diffusive fluxes of methane in marine sediments
Egger, M.; Riedinger, N.; Mogollón, J.M.; Jørgensen, B.B. (2018). Global diffusive fluxes of methane in marine sediments. Nature Geoscience 11(6): 421-425. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1038/s41561-018-0122-8
In: Nature Geoscience. Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 1752-0894, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Egger, M.
  • Riedinger, N.
  • Mogollón, J.M.
  • Jørgensen, B.B.

Abstract
    Anaerobic oxidation of methane provides a globally important, yet poorly constrained barrier for the vast amounts of methane produced in the subseafloor. Here we provide a global map and budget of the methane flux and degradation in diffusion-controlled marine sediments in relation to the depth of the methane oxidation barrier. Our new budget suggests that 45–61 Tg of methane are oxidized with sulfate annually, with approximately 80% of this oxidation occurring in continental shelf sediments (<200 m water depth). Using anaerobic oxidation as a nearly quantitative sink for methane in steady-state diffusive sediments, we calculate that ~3–4% of the global organic carbon flux to the seafloor is converted to methane. We further report a global imbalance of diffusive methane and sulfate fluxes into the sulfate–methane transition with no clear trend with respect to the corresponding depth of the methane oxidation barrier. The observed global mean net flux ratio between sulfate and methane of 1.4:1 indicates that, on average, the methane flux to the sulfate–methane transition accounts for only ~70% of the sulfate consumption in the sulfate–methane transition zone of marine sediments.

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