|Mild desalination demo pilot: new normalization approach to effectively evaluate electrodialysis reversal technology|Bisselink, R.; de Schepper, W.; Trampé, J.; van den Broek, W.; Pinel, I.; Krutko, A.; Groot, N. (2016). Mild desalination demo pilot: new normalization approach to effectively evaluate electrodialysis reversal technology. Water Resources and Industry 14: 18-25. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.wri.2016.03.003
In: Water Resources and Industry. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV: Amsterdam. ISSN 2212-3717
Electrodialysis reversal; Nanofiltration; KPI; Reuse; Desalination;Membranes
|Auteurs|| || Top |
- Bisselink, R.
- de Schepper, W.
- Trampé, J.
- van den Broek, W.
- Pinel, I.
- Krutko, A.
- Groot, N.
Key performance indicators for characterization of nanofiltration performance are well developed, similar key performance indicators for electrodialysis reversal are however underdeveloped. Under the E4Water project Dow Benelux BV and Evides Industriewater BV operate a pilot facility to compare both technologies for their application to mildly desalinate a variety of brackish water streams. Normalized pressure drop, normalized current efficiency and normalized membrane resistance proved to be a useful tool to interpret process performance and to initiate a cleaning procedure if required. The availability of these normalized key performance indicators enables optimization and process monitoring and control of electrodialysis reversal independent of the continuously changing conditions of the feed water.