|Pre- and post-Marinoan carbonate facies of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: glacially- or tectonically-influenced deep-water sediments?|Delpomdor, F.; Eyles, N.; Tack, L.; Preat, A. (2016). Pre- and post-Marinoan carbonate facies of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: glacially- or tectonically-influenced deep-water sediments? Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 457: 144-157. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.06.014
In: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. Elsevier: Amsterdam; Tokyo; Oxford; New York. ISSN 0031-0182; e-ISSN 1872-616X, meer
Neoproterozoic; Snowball Earth; Debrites; Deep-water carbonates;Diamictite; Tectonics
|Auteurs|| || Top |
- Delpomdor, F.
- Eyles, N.
- Tack, L.
- Preat, A.
The upper carbonate-rich parts of the West Congo Supergroup (similar to 1000-560 Ma) from the Democratic Republic of the Congo have hitherto been considered as a record of abrupt eustatic and climatic events accompanying glaciation and deglaciation of a Snowball Earth-type Marinoan ice age that was of global extent. These strata have however never been investigated in detail. Results of new sedimentological work at key outcrops over a 1300 km outcrop belt show that pre- and post-Marinoan carbonates are respectively, storm-influenced sediments deposited principally in a mid/outer-ramp setting, and deep-water slope carbonates (calicturbidites) representing a lobe-fringe or levee-overbank setting. The Upper Diamictite Formation held previously by some to be a subglacial tillite, comprises gravity flows (debrites) deposited in deep water below wave base along the unstable margins of a carbonate ramp. A direct glacial influence on sedimentation for diamictites or any accompanying fades cannot be readily identified. Sedimentary facies reported here primarily record the presence of deep-water submarine to alluvial fan systems related to extensional tectonic processes of the central-southern Macailbas Basin (now located in Brazil) between 700 Ma and 660 Ma followed by the 630-Ma onset of the pre-collisional magmatic arc in the Aracuai-West Congo Orogen. No extreme short-lived climatic or eustatic events of a Snowball Earth-type ice age are recorded in the studied succession, which primarily reflects long-term overriding regional tectonic controls resulting in diachronous sedimentation along the western margin of the Congo Craton.