|Biotechnological applications of psychrophiles|In: Environmental technology. Selper: London. ISSN 0959-3330; e-ISSN 1479-487X, meer
psychrophiles; bioremediation; cold-active enzymes; heat inactivation;biomolecules
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Low temperature environments are numerous on Earth and have been successfully colonized by cold-loving organisms termed psychrophiles. Cold-adapted microorganisms can be used as cell factories for the production of unstable compounds as well as for bioremediation of polluted cold soils and wastewaters. Furthermore, their biomolecules, mainly proteins and enzymes characterized by a high catalytic activity and pronounced heat-lability, have already found useful applications in various domains such as molecular biology, medical research, industrial food or feed technologies, detergents or cosmetics.