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Ontogenic variations in fatty acid and alcohol composition of the pelagic amphipod Themisto libellula in Kongsfjorden (Svalbard)
Noyon, M.; Narcy, F.; Gasparini, S.; Mayzaud, P. (2012). Ontogenic variations in fatty acid and alcohol composition of the pelagic amphipod Themisto libellula in Kongsfjorden (Svalbard). Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 159(4): 805-816. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-011-1856-7
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162; e-ISSN 1432-1793, meer
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  • Noyon, M.
  • Narcy, F.
  • Gasparini, S.
  • Mayzaud, P.

Abstract
    The fatty acid and alcohol composition of the pelagic amphipod, Themisto libellula, was monitored during the 5 first months of its life cycle (4–20 mm length) in an Arctic fjord, Kongsfjorden, Svalbard. Fatty acids of the three major lipid classes, polar lipids (PL), triacylglycerol (TAG), and wax esters (WE), were analyzed to highlight ontogenic changes in their diet and metabolism. The PL composition of T. libellula did not show any strong variations along their growth except during the first month where an important increase of 20:5(n-3) (EPA) and 22:6(n-3) (DHA) was observed. The TAG composition revealed a clear gradient corresponding to a diet shift from omnivorous juveniles toward carnivorous sub-adults and adults. Indeed, fatty acid trophic markers of diatoms were dominant in the juveniles, whereas 20:1(n-9) and 22:1(n-11), the Calanus sp. trophic markers, overwhelmed in the older stages. The WE composition highlighted the same general trend, however, differences were found with the TAG and are discussed as a result of differences in turnover rates and assimilation pathways between the two lipid classes.

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