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Large-scale climatic anomalies affect marine predator foraging behaviour and demography
Bost, C.A.; Cotté, C.; Terray, P.; Barbraud, C.; Bon, C.; Delord, K.; Gimenez, O.; Handrich, Y.; Naito, N.; Guinet, Ch.; Weimerskirch, H. (2015). Large-scale climatic anomalies affect marine predator foraging behaviour and demography. Nature Comm. 6(8220): 8 pp. hdl.handle.net/10.1038/ncomms9220
In: Nature Communications. Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2041-1723; e-ISSN 2041-1723, meer
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Auteurs  Top 
  • Bost, C.A.
  • Cotté, C.
  • Terray, P.
  • Barbraud, C.
  • Bon, C.
  • Delord, K.
  • Gimenez, O.
  • Handrich, Y.
  • Naito, N.
  • Guinet, Ch.
  • Weimerskirch, H.

Abstract
    Determining the links between the behavioural and population responses of wild species to environmental variations is critical for understanding the impact of climate variability on ecosystems. Using long-term data sets, we show how large-scale climatic anomalies in the Southern Hemisphere affect the foraging behaviour and population dynamics of a key marine predator, the king penguin. When large-scale subtropical dipole events occur simultaneously in both subtropical Southern Indian and Atlantic Oceans, they generate tropical anomalies that shift the foraging zone southward. Consequently the distances that penguins foraged from the colony and their feeding depths increased and the population size decreased. This represents an example of a robust and fast impact of large-scale climatic anomalies affecting a marine predator through changes in its at-sea behaviour and demography, despite lack of information on prey availability. Our results highlight a possible behavioural mechanism through which climate variability may affect population processes.

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