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Fast episodes of West-Mediterranean-Tyrrhenian oceanic opening and revisited relations with tectonic setting
Savelli, C. (2015). Fast episodes of West-Mediterranean-Tyrrhenian oceanic opening and revisited relations with tectonic setting. NPG Scientific Reports 5(14271 ): 11 pp
In: Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group). Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2045-2322; e-ISSN 2045-2322, meer
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  • Savelli, C.

Abstract
    Extension and calc-alkaline volcanism of the submerged orogen of alpine age (OAA) initiated in Early Oligocene (~33/32?Ma) and reached the stage of oceanic opening in Early-Miocene (Burdigalian), Late-Miocene and Late-Pliocene. In the Burdigalian (~20–16?Ma) period of widespread volcanism of calcalkaline type on the margins of oceanic domain, seafloor spreading originated the deep basins of north Algeria (western part of OAA) and Sardinia/Provence (European margin). Conversely, when conjugate margins’ volcanism has been absent or scarce seafloor spreading formed the plains Vavilov (7.5–6.3?Ma) and Marsili (1.87–1.67?Ma) within OAA eastern part (Tyrrhenian Sea). The contrast between occurrence and lack of margin’s igneous activity probably implies the diversity of the geotectonic setting at the times of oceanization. It appears that the Burdigalian calcalkaline volcanism on the continental margins developed in the absence of subduction. The WNW-directed subduction of African plate probably commenced at ~16/15?Ma (waning Burdigalian seafloor spreading) after ~18/16?Ma of rifting. Space-time features indicate that calcalkaline volcanism is not linked only to subduction. From this view, temporal gap would exist between the steep subduction beneath the Apennines and the previous, flat-type plunge of European plate with opposite direction producing the OAA accretion and double vergence.

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