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Trace element fingerprinting of cockle (Cerastoderma edule) shells can reveal harvesting location in adjacent areas
Ricardo, F.; Génio, L.; Leal, M.C.; Albuquerque, R.; Queiroga, H.; Rosa, R.; Calado, R. (2015). Trace element fingerprinting of cockle (Cerastoderma edule) shells can reveal harvesting location in adjacent areas. NPG Scientific Reports 5(11932): 9. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1038/srep11932
In: Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group). Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2045-2322; e-ISSN 2045-2322, meer
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Auteurs  Top 
  • Ricardo, F.
  • Génio, L.
  • Leal, M.C.
  • Albuquerque, R.
  • Queiroga, H.
  • Rosa, R.
  • Calado, R.

Abstract
    Determining seafood geographic origin is critical for controlling its quality and safeguarding the interest of consumers. Here, we use trace element fingerprinting (TEF) of bivalve shells to discriminate the geographic origin of specimens. Barium (Ba), manganese (Mn), magnesium (Mg), strontium (Sr) and lead (Pb) were quantified in cockle shells (Cerastoderma edule) captured with two fishing methods (by hand and by hand-raking) and from five adjacent fishing locations within an estuarine system (Ria de Aveiro, Portugal). Results suggest no differences in TEF of cockle shells captured by hand or by hand-raking, thus confirming that metal rakes do not act as a potential source of metal contamination that could somehow bias TEF results. In contrast, significant differences were recorded among locations for all trace elements analysed. A Canonical Analysis of Principal Coordinates (CAP) revealed that 92% of the samples could be successfully classified according to their fishing location using TEF. We show that TEF can be an accurate, fast and reliable method to determine the geographic origin of bivalves, even among locations separated less than 1 km apart within the same estuarine system. Nonetheless, follow up studies are needed to determine if TEF can reliably discriminate between bivalves originating from different ecosystems.

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