|Copepoda from deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps|Humes, A.G. (1988). Copepoda from deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps, in: Boxshall, G.A. et al. (Ed.) Biology of copepods: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Copepoda. Developments in Hydrobiology, 47: pp. 549-554. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-94-009-3103-9_63
In: Boxshall, G.A.; Schminke, H.K. (Ed.) (1988). Biology of copepods: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Copepoda. Developments in Hydrobiology, 47. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht. ISBN 90-6193-654-3. XII, 639 pp.
In: Dumont, H.J. (Ed.) Developments in Hydrobiology. Kluwer Academic/Springer: The Hague; London; Boston; Dordrecht. ISSN 0167-8418
Copepoda [WoRMS]; Poecilostomatoida [WoRMS]; Siphonostomatoida [WoRMS]
Recent explorations of hydrothermal vents in the eastern Pacific (Juan de Fuca spreading zone. Guaymas Basin in the Gulf of California. East Pacific Rise at 21° N and 13° N. and Galapagos Rift) and on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge have revealed many copepods, mostly siphonostomatoids with few poecilostomatoids. In these habitats in depths from 1808 to 3650 m water temperatures may reach nearly 15 °C. Among more than 22000 copepods from vents examined two new families, 11 new genera, and 32 new species were represented.
In addition, two new copepods were found in 3260 m at cold seeps at the base of the West Florida Escarpmentin the Gulf of Mexico, an environment not thermally active, with water temperatures about 4.39 °C.
Some of these copepods were associated with host invertebrates such as a Nuculana-like protobranch bivalve, a polychaete, and two species of shrimps. Others were obtained from washings of bivalves or vestimentiferans or by means of corers or slurp guns.