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Rapid dynamic activation of a marine-based Arctic ice cap
McMillan, M; Shepherd, A; Gourmelen, N; Dehecq, A; Leeson, A; Ridout, A; Flament, T; Hogg, A; Gilbert, L; Benham, T; van den Broeke, M; Dowdeswell, A; Fettweis, X.; Noel, B; Strozzi, T (2014). Rapid dynamic activation of a marine-based Arctic ice cap. Geophys. Res. Lett. 41(24): 8902-8909. dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014GL062255
In: Geophysical Research Letters. American Geophysical Union: Washington. ISSN 0094-8276; e-ISSN 1944-8007, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Trefwoord
    Marien
Author keywords
    ice cap; mass balance; Austfonna; dynamic instability; altimetry; InSAR

Auteurs  Top 
  • McMillan, M
  • Shepherd, A
  • Gourmelen, N
  • Dehecq, A
  • Leeson, A
  • Ridout, A
  • Flament, T
  • Hogg, A
  • Gilbert, L
  • Benham, T
  • van den Broeke, M.
  • Dowdeswell, A
  • Fettweis, X.
  • Noel, B
  • Strozzi, T

Abstract
    We use satellite observations to document rapid acceleration and ice loss from a formerly slow-flowing, marine-based sector of Austfonna, the largest ice cap in the Eurasian Arctic. During the past two decades, the sector ice discharge has increased 45-fold, the velocity regime has switched from predominantly slow (~ 101?m/yr) to fast (~ 103?m/yr) flow, and rates of ice thinning have exceeded 25?m/yr. At the time of widespread dynamic activation, parts of the terminus may have been near floatation. Subsequently, the imbalance has propagated 50?km inland to within 8?km of the ice cap summit. Our observations demonstrate the ability of slow-flowing ice to mobilize and quickly transmit the dynamic imbalance inland; a process that we show has initiated rapid ice loss to the ocean and redistribution of ice mass to locations more susceptible to melt, yet which remains poorly understood.

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