|Policy reforms and the politics of nature. The case of marine fisheries in China and Senegal|
Ferraro, G.; Brans, M. (2009). Policy reforms and the politics of nature. The case of marine fisheries in China and Senegal, in: MARE Conference 2009: People and the Sea V: 'Living with uncertainty and adapting to change', Amsterdam, 9 - 11 July, 2009. pp. 1-24
In: (2009). MARE Conference 2009: People and the Sea V: 'Living with uncertainty and adapting to change', Amsterdam, 9 - 11 July, 2009. MARE: Amsterdam.
Politics; fisheries policy; China; Senegal; conflicts
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Multiple levels of rules regulate fisheries management: international agreements, state laws, delegated legislations and subnational acts. At all levels, policy decisions should be based on scientific knowledge, especially in fields like the environment and the management of natural resources, where ecological concerns need to be taken into account. Since the 1990s, numerous international agreements have integrated science-based information and promoted a transition to a more responsible fisheries management. By contrast, national (and subnational) policy decisions cannot only be based on knowledge, but need to respond to constellations of political, administrative, and socio-economic actors in order to be perceived as legitimate and avoid conflicts. The paper analyzes the political uncertainty which accompanies the transition to more sustainable fisheries policies by highlighting the role of various actors in fisheries policy reforms. For this purpose, the paper traces the main conflicts affecting fisheries policy formation and implementation, under international agreements, in China and Senegal.