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Marine parasites as pollution indicators: an update
Williams, H.H.; MacKenzie, K. (2003). Marine parasites as pollution indicators: an update. Parasitology 126(7): S27-S41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182003003640
In: Parasitology. Cambridge University Press: London. ISSN 0031-1820; e-ISSN 1469-8161, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Trefwoorden
    Indicators
    Parasites
    Pollution > Water pollution > Marine pollution
    Marien
Author keywords
    parasites; indicators; marine pollution

Auteurs  Top 
  • Williams, H.H.
  • MacKenzie, K.

Abstract
    Eight major reviews are cited to indicate a recent knowledge explosion on the use of marine parasites as potential indicators of pollution. A literature update is given for the period 1995–2001. An analysis of the publications cited is used to provide 10 refined criteria for selecting parasites as indicator/monitor species. Previously unpublished data on Diclidophora merlangi and Dictyocotyle coeliaca confirm their value as potential indicators of hydrocarbon pollution in the North Sea. An extensive knowledge of D. merlangi is summarised to emphasize its potential value as an indicator species and also to encourage studies on the health status and immune responses of its host when subjected to pollutant stressors and infection with this monogenean. A discussion focuses on publications which have reported significant recent advances in this area of research and also on accompanying issues, problems and controversies. These selected publications are used to suggest species, stages in the development of species and assemblages of species worthy of further more detailed investigations into their value as indicators/monitors of pollution. It is predicted that further good progress will be made when contaminants can be accurately identified, their precise effects on both host and parasite can be measured by histochemical and biological methods and the roles of contaminants and parasites in causing disease can be assessed separately. About 100 references are cited.

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