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Sorption-desorption kinetics and toxic cell concentration in marine phytoplankton microalgae exposed to Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate
Renaud, F.; Oberhansli, F.; Teyssie, J.L.; Miramand, P.; Temara, A.; Warnau, M. (2011). Sorption-desorption kinetics and toxic cell concentration in marine phytoplankton microalgae exposed to Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 62(5): 942-947. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.02.051
In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. Macmillan: London. ISSN 0025-326X; e-ISSN 1879-3363, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Trefwoord
    Marien
Author keywords
    Marine microalgae; Surfactant; Toxicokinetics; Sorption coefficient

Auteurs  Top 
  • Renaud, F.
  • Oberhansli, F.
  • Teyssie, J.L.
  • Miramand, P.
  • Temara, A.
  • Warnau, M.

Abstract
    Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonates (LAS) are ubiquitous surfactants. Traces can be found in coastal environments. Sorption and toxicity of C12-LAS congeners were studied in controlled conditions (2-3500 µg C12LAs/L) in five marine phytoplanktonic species, using standardized methods. IC50 values ranged from 0.5 to 2 mg LAS/L. Sorption of 14C12-6 LAS isomer was measured at environmentally relevant trace levels (4 µg/L) using liquid scintillation counting. Steady-state sorption on algae was reached within 5 h in the order dinoflagellate > diatoms > green algae. The sorption data, fitted a L-type Freundlich isotherm, indicating saturation. Desorption was rapid but a low LAS fraction was still sorbed after 24 h. Toxic cell concentration was 0.38 +/- 0.09 mg/g for the studied species. LAS toxicity results from sorption on biological membranes leading to non-specific disturbance of algal growth. Results indicate that LAS concentrations in coastal environments do not represent a risk for these organisms.

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