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The role of biogenic structures on the biogeochemical functioning of mangrove constructed wetlands sediments - A mesocosm approach
Penha-Lopes, G.; Kristensen, E.; Flindt, M.; Mangion, P.; Bouillon, S.; Paula, J. (2010). The role of biogenic structures on the biogeochemical functioning of mangrove constructed wetlands sediments - A mesocosm approach. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 60(4): 560-572. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.11.008
In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. Macmillan: London. ISSN 0025-326X; e-ISSN 1879-3363, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Author keywords
    Carbon mineralization; Microbial pathways; Constructed wetlands;

Auteurs  Top 
  • Penha-Lopes, G.
  • Kristensen, E.
  • Flindt, M.
  • Mangion, P.
  • Bouillon, S.
  • Paula, J.

Abstract
    Benthic metabolism (measured as CO2 production) and carbon oxidation pathways were evaluated in 4 mangrove mesocosms subjected daily to seawater or 60% sewage in the absence or presence of mangrove trees and biogenic structures (pneumatophores and crab burrows). Total CO2 emission from darkened sediments devoid of biogenic structures at pristine conditions was comparable during inundation (immersion) and air exposure (emersion), although increased 2-7 times in sewage contaminated mesocosms. Biogenic structures increased low tide carbon gas emissions at contaminated (30%) and particularly pristine conditions (60%). When sewage was loaded into the mesocosms under unvegetated and planted conditions, iron reduction was substituted by sulfate reduction and contribution of aerobic respiration to total metabolism remained above 50%. Our results clearly show impacts of sewage on the partitioning of electron acceptors in mangrove sediment and confirm the importance of biogenic structures for biogeochemical functioning but also on greenhouse gases emission.

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