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Hyperspectral and multispectral ocean color inversions to detect Phaeocystis globosa blooms in coastal waters
Lubac, B.; Loisel, H.; Guiselin, N.; Astoreca, R.; Artigas, L.F.; Meriaux, X. (2008). Hyperspectral and multispectral ocean color inversions to detect Phaeocystis globosa blooms in coastal waters. J. Geophys. Res. 113(C6). dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007JC004451
In: Journal of Geophysical Research. American Geophysical Union: Richmond. ISSN 0148-0227; e-ISSN 2156-2202, meer
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  • Lubac, B.
  • Loisel, H.
  • Guiselin, N.
  • Astoreca, R.
  • Artigas, L.F.
  • Meriaux, X.

Abstract
    Identification of phytoplankton groups from space is essential to map and monitor algal blooms in coastal waters, but remains a challenge due to the presence of suspended sediments and dissolved organic matter which interfere with phytoplankton signal. On the basis of field measurements of remote sensing reflectance (Rrs(lambda)), bio-optical parameters, and phytoplankton cells enumerations, we assess the feasibility of using multispectral and hyperspectral approaches for detecting spring blooms of Phaeocystis globosa (P. globosa). The two reflectance ratios (Rrs(490)/Rrs(510) and Rrs(442.5)/Rrs(490)), used in the multispectral inversion, suggest that detection of P. globosa blooms are possible from current ocean color sensors. The effects of chlorophyll concentration, colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM), and particulate matter composition on the performance of this multispectral approach are investigated via sensitivity analysis. This analysis indicates that the development of a remote sensing algorithm, based on the values of these two ratios, should include information about CDOM concentration. The hyperspectral inversion is based on the analysis of the second derivative of Rrs(lambda) (d lambda2 Rrs). Two criteria, based on the position of the maxima and minima of dlambda2 Rrs, are established to discriminate the P. globosa blooms from diatoms blooms. We show that the position of these extremes is related to the specific absorption spectrum of P. globosa and is significantly correlated with the relative biomass of P. globosa. This result confirms the advantage of a hyperspectral over multispectral inversion for species identification and enumeration from satellite observations of ocean color.

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