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Bio-optical characteristics and primary productivity during upwelling and non-upwelling conditions in a highly productive coastal ecosystem off central Chile (~36°S)
Montecino, V.; Astoreca, R.; Alarcon, G.; Retamal, L.; Pizarro, G. (2004). Bio-optical characteristics and primary productivity during upwelling and non-upwelling conditions in a highly productive coastal ecosystem off central Chile (~36°S). Deep-Sea Res., Part II, Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 51(20-21): 2413-2426. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2004.08.012
In: Deep-Sea Research, Part II. Topical Studies in Oceanography. Pergamon: Oxford. ISSN 0967-0645; e-ISSN 1879-0100, meer
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  • Montecino, V.
  • Astoreca, R.
  • Alarcon, G.
  • Retamal, L.
  • Pizarro, G.

Abstract
    Variability of several bio-optical and photosynthetic properties of phytoplankton in the highly productive coast off Concepción, central Chile (~36°S) was quantified during contrasting seasons at offshore, shelf, and nearshore sites. During October 1998 (upwelling) and July 1999 (non-upwelling), 21 stations were sampled for chlorophyll-a, pigment spectral light absorption, primary production, and attenuation coefficients (k?) of downwelling irradiance (Ed(?)); k? was used to estimate the depth of the euphotic zone (Zeu). Primary production was measured through 14C-fixation experiments using simulated in situ and in situ incubations with water from six depths within the Zeu. The photosynthetic parameters (aB, PBmax) were obtained through photosynthesis-irradiance experiments with samples from two Zeu depths. Bio-optical properties showed large spatial variability during both seasons, including spectral in vivo phytoplankton absorption (aph(?)), pigment specific phytoplankton absorption (a*(?)) within the upper 25 m, and water-column transmittance (T(?)), calculated for the upper 10 m using Ed(?) at four wavelengths. Under non-upwelling conditions, a*(?), T(?), and aB presented higher values whereas aph(?) values decreased accordingly. Under upwelling conditions, primary productivity ranged from 0.7 to 7.5 g C m-2 d-1 at the coastal stations and was <0.6 g C m-2 d-1 at the oceanic stations; in the non-upwelling season, values over the entire area ranged from 0.2 to 1.9 g C m-2 d-1. The significant correlations found among bio-optical properties and physiological parameters highlight both the short- and long-term changes in the area's environmental conditions. The combination of three independent biological parameters—aB, PBmax, and aph(442)—accounted for most of the horizontal and vertical variability among and within stations for each cruise. These results support a distinction of different functional zones for the two contrasting upwelling conditions.

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