nieuwe zoekopdracht
[ meld een fout in dit record ]mandje (0): toevoegen | toon Print deze pagina

Arabian Sea tropical cyclones intensified by emissions of black carbon and other aerosols
Evan, A.T.; Kossin, J.P.; Chung, C.; Ramanathan, V. (2011). Arabian Sea tropical cyclones intensified by emissions of black carbon and other aerosols. Nature (Lond.) 479(7371): 94-97.
In: Nature: International Weekly Journal of Science. Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 0028-0836; e-ISSN 1476-4687, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 


Auteurs  Top 
  • Evan, A.T.
  • Kossin, J.P.
  • Chung, C.
  • Ramanathan, V.

    Throughout the year, average sea surface temperatures in the Arabian Sea are warm enough to support the development of tropical cyclones(1), but the atmospheric monsoon circulation and associated strong vertical wind shear limits cyclone development and intensification, only permitting a pre-monsoon and post-monsoon period for cyclogenesis(1-4). Thus a recent increase in the intensity of tropical cyclones over the northern Indian Ocean(5) is thought to be related to the weakening of the climatological vertical wind shear(3,4). At the same time, anthropogenic emissions of aerosols have increased sixfold since the 1930s, leading to a weakening of the southwesterly lower-level and easterly upper-level winds that define the monsoonal circulation over the Arabian Sea(6-9). In principle, this aerosol-driven circulation modification could affect tropical cyclone intensity over the Arabian Sea, but so far no such linkage has been shown. Here we report an increase in the intensity of pre-monsoon Arabian Sea tropical cyclones during the period 1979-2010, and show that this change in storm strength is a consequence of a simultaneous upward trend in anthropogenic black carbon and sulphate emissions. We use a combination of observational, reanalysis and model data to demonstrate that the anomalous circulation, which is radiatively forced by these anthropogenic aerosols, reduces the basin-wide vertical wind shear, creating an environment more favourable for tropical cyclone intensification. Because most Arabian Sea tropical cyclones make landfall(1), our results suggest an additional impact on human health from regional air pollution.

Alle informatie in het Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) valt onder het VLIZ Privacy beleid Top | Auteurs 
IMIS is ontwikkeld en wordt gehost door het VLIZ, voor meer informatie contacteer .