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Atypical heat-flow near gas hydrate irregularities and cold seeps in the Baikal Rift Zone
Vanneste, M.; Poort, J.; De Batist, M.; Klerkx, J. (2003). Atypical heat-flow near gas hydrate irregularities and cold seeps in the Baikal Rift Zone. Mar. Pet. Geol. 19(10): 1257-1274. dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0264-8172(03)00019-9
In: Marine and Petroleum Geology. Elsevier: Guildford. ISSN 0264-8172; e-ISSN 1873-4073, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Lake Baikal; Gas hydrates; heat-flow; Fluid flow; Base of hydrate stability zone; Bottom-simulating reflection; Gas migration

Auteurs  Top 
  • Vanneste, M.
  • Poort, J.
  • De Batist, M.
  • Klerkx, J.

Abstract
    In this paper, we address the irregular behaviour and geometry of the gas hydrate stability zone (HSZ) inferred from reflection seismic data in relation to heat-flow measurements. The study area lies in the hanging wall of the Posolsky fault in the Southern Baikal Basin (SBB). Side-scan sonar imagery already revealed an undulating antithetic active fault structure and several isolated active vent structures. Remarkably, these fluid discharge structures occur only where the base of the hydrate stability zone (BHSZ), as inferred from seismic reflection profiles, is fluctuating and discontinuous, independent of lake floor morphology. The correlation between the interpreted BHSZ and heat-flow data across the Malenki seep is reasonable. On a seismic profile south of the fluid escape features, the BHSZ is expressed as an oscillatory, but continuous reflection, and shows poor correlation with heat-flow measurements. In nearly all cases, measured heat-flow exceeds inferred heat-flow. Additionally, the local inferred minima are anomalously low compared to the expected background values in the SBB. These observations suggest that the present-day hydrate accumulation and its (meta-)stability are more complicated than originally suspected. The limited area of these anomalies, their amplitudes and their occurrence in the immediate vicinity of faults and fluid escape features suggest that fluid convection cells disturb local gas hydrate stability conditions.

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