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Characteristics of repeated, detached, Miocene–Pliocene tectonic inversion events, in a large delta province on an active margin, Brunei Darussalam, Borneo
Morley, C.K.; Back, S.; Van Rensbergen, P.; Crevello, P.; Lambiase, J.J. (2003). Characteristics of repeated, detached, Miocene–Pliocene tectonic inversion events, in a large delta province on an active margin, Brunei Darussalam, Borneo. J. Struct. Geol. 25(7): 1147-1169.
In: Journal of structural geology. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD: Oxford. ISSN 0191-8141; e-ISSN 1873-1201
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Tectonic inversion events; Delta province; Active margin

Auteurs  Top 
  • Morley, C.K.
  • Back, S.
  • Van Rensbergen, P.
  • Crevello, P.
  • Lambiase, J.J.

    The Baram Delta province evolved during the Middle Miocene to present day from a foreland basin to a shelf margin. Episodic folding events affected the region, causing uplift of the hinterland, delta progradation, and inversion of gravity-related faults. Existing models place the N–S- and NE–SW-trending folds in a strike-slip transpressional setting. New geological mapping and re-interpretation of existing data suggest the region is better understood as the development of a west-verging thrust belt in a Middle Miocene foreland basin (filled by sandstones and shales of the Belait and Setap Formations), with key major folds (Jerudong and Belait anticlines, Belait syncline) forming during the Middle Miocene as fault bend and fault propagation folds. The deformation style is complicated by the predominantly shaley Middle Miocene–Pliocene Setap Formation becoming thicker and more overpressured from south to north. Onshore where the Setap Formation is thin or absent, the Belait formation is attached to the underlying Lower Miocene and older sequences. Offshore and in a narrow onshore strip the overpressured Setap Formation causes deformation in the Beltait Formation to be detached from the underlying Cretaceous–Tertiary accretionary prism ‘basement’. The detached style exhibits considerable structural complexity, including lift-off folds, growth faults, shale diapirs and pipes. Onshore thrust and inversion features are dominantly N–S-trending and began activity in the Middle Miocene; deformation is probably associated with an E–W maximum horizontal stress direction. In the Late Miocene (around 7.5 Ma; Watters et al., 1999) NE–SW striking inversion folds developed, located mostly over early counter-regional faults and associated reactive diapirs. Folds verge towards the NW when underlain by counter regional faults, and towards the S or SE when underlain by regional faults. Folds and diapirs along N–S trends were also reactivated. Continuation of this deformation into the Pliocene is largely confined to the offshore area. Onshore the N–S structures (no detachment) were not reactivated during the Pliocene.

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