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Numerical simulation of upwelling currents in pockmarks, and data from the Inner Oslofjord, Norway
Hammer, Ø.; Webb, K. E.; Depreiter, D. (2009). Numerical simulation of upwelling currents in pockmarks, and data from the Inner Oslofjord, Norway. Geo-Mar. Lett. 29(4): 269-275. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00367-009-0140-z
In: Geo-Marine Letters. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0276-0460; e-ISSN 1432-1157, meer
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  • Hammer, Ø.
  • Webb, K. E.
  • Depreiter, D.

Abstract
    The deflection of oceanic or tidal currents into pockmarks has been studied by both general three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics simulations and acoustic measurements in a number of pockmarks in the Inner Oslofjord, Norway. The modeling demonstrates upstream convergence of flow lines, followed by upwelling over the pockmark. This upwelling is an effect of deflected regional currents, not of expulsion of fluids or gas from the seafloor, and is sufficiently strong to prevent the settling of fine particles. The field measurements, although noisy at low vertical velocities, are consistent with the hypothesis of upwelling. The reduction in sedimentation rate inferred over the pockmarks (relative to that of the flat surrounding seabed) can explain the maintenance, or even deepening of pockmarks in the absence of fluid or gas seepage. The current pattern may also have consequences for the marine biology of pockmarks.

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