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Widespread iron-rich conditions in the mid-Proterozoic ocean
Planavsky, N.J.; McGoldrick, P.; Scott, C.T.; Li, C.; Reinhard, C.T.; Kelly, A.E.; Chu, X.; Bekker, A.; Love, G.D.; Lyons, T.W. (2011). Widespread iron-rich conditions in the mid-Proterozoic ocean. Nature (Lond.) 477(7365): 448-451. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1038/nature10327
In: Nature: International Weekly Journal of Science. Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 0028-0836; e-ISSN 1476-4687, meer
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Auteurs  Top 
  • Planavsky, N.J.
  • McGoldrick, P.
  • Scott, C.T.
  • Li, C.
  • Reinhard, C.T.
  • Kelly, A.E.
  • Chu, X.
  • Bekker, A.
  • Love, G.D.
  • Lyons, T.W.

Abstract
    The chemical composition of the ocean changed markedly with the oxidation of the Earth's surface(1), and this process has profoundly influenced the evolutionary and ecological history of life(2,3). The early Earth was characterized by a reducing ocean-atmosphere system, whereas the Phanerozoic eon (less than 542 million years ago) is known for a stable and oxygenated biosphere conducive to the radiation of animals. The redox characteristics of surface environments during Earth's middle age (1.8-1 billion years ago) are less well known, but it is generally assumed that the mid-Proterozoic was home to a globally sulphidic (euxinic) deep ocean(2,3). Here we present iron data from a suite of mid-Proterozoic marine mudstones. Contrary to the popular model, our results indicate that ferruginous (anoxic and Fe(2+)-rich) conditions were both spatially and temporally extensive across diverse palaeogeographic settings in the mid-Proterozoic ocean, inviting new models for the temporal distribution of iron formations and the availability of bioessential trace elements during a critical window for eukaryotic evolution.

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