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Interactive effects of UV radiation and temperature on microstages of Laminariales (Phaeophyceae) from the Arctic and North Sea
Müller, R.; Wiencke, C.; Bischof, K. (2008). Interactive effects of UV radiation and temperature on microstages of Laminariales (Phaeophyceae) from the Arctic and North Sea, in: Fortier, L. et al. (Ed.) Effects of Climate Change on Marine Ecosystems: selected papers from Inter-Research Symposium No. 2, held in conjunction with the 42nd European Marine Biology Symposium (EMBS), August 27-31, 2007, Kiel, Germany. Climate Research, 37, 2-3(CR Special 18): pp. 203-213. dx.doi.org/10.3354/cr00762
In: Fortier, L. et al. (Ed.) (2008). Effects of Climate Change on Marine Ecosystems: selected papers from Inter-Research Symposium No. 2, held in conjunction with the 42nd European Marine Biology Symposium (EMBS), August 27-31, 2007, Kiel, Germany. Climate Research, 37, 2-3(CR Special 18). Inter-Research: Oldendorf. 121-270 pp.
In: Climate Research. Inter-Research: Oldendorf/Luhe. ISSN 0936-577X; e-ISSN 1616-1572
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 
Documenttype: Congresbijdrage

Trefwoorden
    Alariaceae Setchell & Gardner, 1925 [WoRMS]; Laminariaceae Bory, 1827 [WoRMS]; Marien
Author keywords
    Ecotypes; Egg release; Gametogenesis; Germination; Kelp; Sporophyte formation; Zoospores

Auteurs  Top 
  • Müller, R.
  • Wiencke, C.
  • Bischof, K.

Abstract
    Spores and gametophytes are considered to be those life-history stages of kelps most susceptible to environmental perturbations and, in particular, to temperature and UV radiation. Microstages of Arctic (Saccharina latissima, Laminaria digitata, Alaria esculenta from Spitsbergen) and temperate kelp species (S. latissima, L. digitata, L. hyperborea from the North Sea) were exposed in 2-factorial experiments to different temperatures (2 to 18°C) and radiation conditions (photosynthetic active radiation, UV-A radiation, UV-B radiation). Our results reveal ecotypic differentiations in the stress responses of zoospores of L. digitata and S. latissima from the Arctic and North Sea. UV-A radiation either enhanced the formation of gametes at elevated temperatures in L. digitata or impaired egg release and subsequent sporophyte formation in L. hyperborea. Microstages exposed to additional UV-B radiation were strongly inhibited to a population-, species- and life phase-specific degree at suboptimal and optimal temperatures. Only gametogenesis of Laminaria spp. was shown to be tolerant to UV-B exposure. Conclusively, in respect to a future scenario of elevated UV radiation regimes and higher summer temperatures in Arctic and North Sea waters, summer-recruiting Arctic species and L. digitata from the North Sea might become endangered by a frequent disturbance of their microstages.

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