|Beneden, Edouard Van|In: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences (ELS). John Wiley & Sons: Basingstoke. ISSN 1476-9506; e-ISSN 1476-9506, meer
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The Belgian biologist Edouard Van Beneden (1846–1910) had a successful scientific career. His dissertation demonstrating the omnipresence in the whole animal kingdom, of the egg's unicellular constitution was awarded by the prize of the Royal Academy of Belgium. In 1870, he became professor at the University of Liège and corresponding member of the Royal Academy of Belgium and became chartered member in 1872.Using cytology in embryology and selecting a suitable material to study the fertilisation, he was the first to observe meiosis, described the centrosome and understood the very early polarisation of the egg.