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Marine aggregate extraction regulation in EU member states
Radzevicius, R.; Velegrakis, A.; Bonne, W.; Kortekaas, S.; Garel, E.; Blazauskas, N.; Asariotis, R. (2010). Marine aggregate extraction regulation in EU member states. J. Coast. Res. SI 51: 15-38
In: Journal of Coastal Research. Coastal Education and Research Foundation: Fort Lauderdale. ISSN 0749-0208; e-ISSN 1551-5036, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Trefwoorden
    Milieu-effect; Marien
Author keywords
    Marine aggregates; aggregate mining licensing; environmental law and regulation; marine sand and gravel; environmental impact assessment

Auteurs  Top 
  • Radzevicius, R.
  • Velegrakis, A.
  • Bonne, W.
  • Kortekaas, S.
  • Garel, E.
  • Blazauskas, N.
  • Asariotis, R.

Abstract
    This paper provides a brief review of regulations and procedures relevant to the authorization of marine aggregate (MA) operations in eight EU Member States. MA operations are affected by a multi-level legislative/regulatory regime, consisting of international conventions (e.g. the UNCLOS 1982, OSPAR, Helsinki, ICES, Barcelona and Espoo Conventions), secondary EC legislation (e.g. the Environmental Impact Assessment Directives (85/337/EEC and 97/11 EC) and the Freedom of Access to Environmental Information Directive (2003/4/EC)) and national legislation or regulation. It appears that rules and procedures relevant to MA extraction vary considerably between the considered Member States. In general, relevant information is not easily available in accurate, comprehensive and up-to date form. As a result, it is difficult to assess whether and to which extent national practice in relation to MA extraction authorization is in substantive compliance with the requirements of existing international and European rules and regulations aimed at sustainable development and protection of the marine and coastal environment.

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