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Persistent organic pollutants and methoxylated PBDEs in harbour porpoises from the North Sea from 1990 until 2008: Young wildlife at risk?
Weijs, L.; van Elk, C.; Das, K.; Blust, R.; Covaci, A. (2010). Persistent organic pollutants and methoxylated PBDEs in harbour porpoises from the North Sea from 1990 until 2008: Young wildlife at risk? Sci. Total Environ. 409(1): 228-237. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.09.035
In: Science of the Total Environment. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 0048-9697; e-ISSN 1879-1026, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Trefwoorden
    Aquatic organisms > Marine organisms > Aquatic mammals > Marine mammals
    Chemical compounds > Organic compounds > Hydrocarbons > Halogenated hydrocarbons > Chlorinated hydrocarbons > DDT
    Chemical compounds > Organic compounds > Hydrocarbons > Unsaturated hydrocarbons > Aromatic hydrocarbons > PCB
    Pesticides
    Phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
    ANE, Europa [Marine Regions]
    Marien
Author keywords
    Harbour porpoises; Calves; 1990-2008; PCBs; PBDEs; MeO-PBDEs; HCB;Chlordanes; Pesticides; Temporal trends

Auteurs  Top 
  • Weijs, L.
  • van Elk, C.
  • Das, K.
  • Blust, R.
  • Covaci, A.

Abstract
    In the European North Sea, harbour porpoises are top predators with relatively long life spans and a limited capacity for metabolic biotransformation of contaminants compared to some other marine mammal species. As such, they are exposed to a mixture of persistent pollutants, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), DDT and metabolites (DDXs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and chlordanes (CHLs) that bioaccumulate in their tissues. We report here on the levels of persistent organic pollutants and of the naturally-produced methoxylated PBDEs (MeO-PBDEs) in blubber, liver and kidney of harbour porpoise neonates (n = 3), calves (n = 15), juveniles (n = 6) and adults (n = 4) of the southern North Sea. Concentrations of almost all contaminant classes decrease slightly in all age groups over the period 1990–2008. For some classes (e.g. PCBs and DDXs) however, levels seem to increase little in harbour porpoise calves. In all animals, blubber had the highest concentrations, followed by liver and kidney, whereas liver and kidney were the preferred tissues for several compounds, such as octa- and deca-PCBs. Our data suggest that harbour porpoises calves are exposed to higher or comparable concentrations of POPs and of MeO-PBDEs and somewhat different patterns of selected POPs than adults, potentially placing them, and the entire population, at a disproportionate risk for exposure-related health effects.

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