|Potential for aquaculture of South American freshwater fishes: a review|
Saint-Paul, U. (1986). Potential for aquaculture of South American freshwater fishes: a review. Aquaculture 54(3): 205-240
In: Aquaculture. Elsevier: Amsterdam; London; New York; Oxford; Tokyo. ISSN 0044-8486; e-ISSN 1873-5622
Aquaculture development; Freshwater aquaculture; Literatuurreviews; Potential resources; Anostomidae Günther, 1864 [WoRMS]; Arapaima gigas; Atherinidae Risso, 1827 [WoRMS]; Characidae Latreille, 1825 [WoRMS]; Cichlidae Bonaparte, 1835 [WoRMS]; Curimatidae Gill, 1858 [WoRMS]; Osteoglossidae Bonaparte, 1845 [WoRMS]; Pimelodidae Bonaparte, 1835 [WoRMS]; Serrasalmidae; Zoet water
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The importance of aquaculture in South America is still relatively minor, and native fishes actually account for only a very small percentage of the production. That the contemporary aquaculture production can be significantly increased was shown by an analysis of the information obtained by culturing species belonging to 10 genera in the families Osteoglossidae, Anostomidae, Curimatidae, Serrasalmidae, Characidae, Pimelodidae, Atherinidae, and Cichlidae. It is demonstrated that an extensive or semi-intensive cultivation of the omnivorous serrasalmids belonging to the genus Colossoma can make an important contribution to the nutrition of the rural population. The intensive cultivation of carnivorous species such as Arapaima gigas could be promising for larger scale commercial production.